Civil Engineering BINUS University

Modular Construction

Modular construction is a method of construction in buildings where the buildings are constructed in modules that are built off site but will then be put together on site. There is a difference in the method of construction when modular construction is compared to traditional construction. For example, traditional construction’s method uses on-site construction method which means it is required to bring its raw materials (such as flooring) to the construction site for the workers to cut and install in the project location. On the other hand, modular construction generally uses off-site method for its construction method. For modular constructions specifically, it means that a tremendous portion of the project are being assigned away from the project site. Which means the assembly process can take place in anywhere as desired. When it is complete and ready to be used, the assembled modules will then be shipped to the project site in order to complete the construction.

Modular construction does not only save time when being constructed, it also removes weather delays when constructing, there is no requirement for storing materials, labour costs are very low, and also lower volume of waste. While there is a handful amount of advantages in modular construction, there are also a few disadvantages along the way. Things such as the limitation of variety in its mass production, complicated process for approval, risks in both suppliers and transportations and also the difficulty in the process of financing can be considered as the negative side of modular construction.

Even though modular construction is not yet widely known in Indonesia, it is estimated that its acknowledgement and usage are to come in the next few years. Hopefully modular construction in Indonesia will continue to develop.


Modular Construction, Advantages and Challenges. (2019, May 26). Retrieved from Real Projectives:

M. Fattahravito and Benjamin Ryan