The aim of the research was to identify the building structure components that needed to be fixed first according to the priority assessment. The object of the research was traditional market buildings in West Jakarta managed by PD Pasar Jaya. The research was conducted through a survey, sending out questionnaires, and conducting interviews with experts. Building components were analysed using relative importance index to identify the most important building components to be maintained. Out of 135 building components there are 32 building components which are identified to be important. Through analytical hierarchy process (AHP), 9 building components need to be mitigated to avoid further damage to the traditional market building.